First of all
First of all, the forest in Australia is relatively rare: it occupies only two percent of the country’s area, while in Canada it is thirty-five, Japan has fifty-nine, and New Zealand has twenty percent. Forests in Australia form a narrow belt mainly between the mountains and the ocean, in the east and south of the continent. There are small areas of forest in northern Queensland, but a continuous stretch stretches from the Bunia Mountains in southern Queensland, to Grampians in western Victoria. Remains of forests are on the Mount Loft ridge in Adelaide and in the southwestern corner of the continent. Most of Tasmania is forested. However, despite the limited forest area, many of the most interesting and striking forms of life find refuge in them.
There are two centers of plant endemism (sandstone cliffs near Sydney and the Boundary Range region) and the volcanic landscapes of the Mount Warning Shield. There are other areas important from the point of view of biota protection – for example, coastal sandy the dunes of Fraser Island and the area of sands in southern Queensland, included in the so-called “Great Sandy Region” (large Sandy region)
In the north, in the east, thickets of shrubs (scraping) pass into savannas, then in the same direction are replaced by savannah forests.
In the west of Australia, evergreen subtropical forests grow. In the south and east, they are replaced by subtropical and subantarctic forests with high (up to 12 m in diameter and up to 150 m in height) eucalyptus, cycads, tree ferns. Evergreen “hard-leaved” savannah forests grow west of the Australian Cordilleras, in a belt with moderate precipitation. Savannah forests are like our pine forests. These forests are inhabited by eucalyptus trees with sparse branches growing at enormous heights. Their leaves are turned in such a way that they almost do not give a shadow. As an undergrowth – palm-like cadavers, “grassy trees” – with a short, thick trunk, ending with a cap of long grayish-green serrated leaves.
The Daintree Rainforest, a primary rain forest in northeastern Australia, is approaching 125 million years ago. One of the oldest natural sanctuaries on the planet, older than the Amazon rainforest. With 800,000 visitors a year, the Daintree National Park remains the most visited site in the country. The dream of budding botanists, looking for palm trees, ferns and other eucalyptus trees. 2,000 species of trees and different plants have been identified. Queensland in northeastern Australia remains one of the wildest and most unspoiled areas in the country. Its primary tropical forest, the Daintree Rainforest, approaches 125 million years ago. One of the oldest natural sanctuaries on the planet, older than the Amazon rainforest, only 10 million years old!
The southern part of Kakadu National Park, a World Heritage Site, is dotted with monsoon forests. Explore it on a hike to the spectacular Jim Jim Falls Falls, which flow over 250 meters into deep, cool pools. Follow the Gubarra Pools trail or hike Gungarre Walk through the savannah woods to the banks of a billabong (crescent-shaped lake). Kakadu is also famous for its swampy grounds dotted with water lilies, a fertile wildlife and treasures of Aboriginal rock art. Take a boat trip on the rivers passing alongside crocodiles, barramundi perches and birds,