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HATE CRIMES ON ISLAMOPHOBIA ACADEMIC WRITING RITWIK KUMAR BAIRAGI

February 4, 2019 0 Comment

HATE CRIMES ON
ISLAMOPHOBIA

ACADEMIC WRITING
RITWIK KUMAR BAIRAGI | ENGLISH 103 | MR. HANS KIRKELS

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
This research topic contains all the required information about hate crimes on Muslims
and its origin because as today in this world being a Muslim is quite hard as it as to be
seen in societies like the US and the whole European Union including Britain. Many
surveys have concluded the theory on which the Hate Crimes on the Muslims will be
rising up in coming years as well.
From the Geographic perspective this hate crimes are based on Europe and The US and
the author has covered the details on the causes of this hate and why people are indeed
ferocious about this whole case. This topic contains stories from families that have
suffered such horrific crimes and to stories where a Non-Muslim says “I was called as a
Taliban”
My topic will give a glance to the reader about how it is to be Muslim in many countries
where Muslims aren’t favored at all. This will give a glance to experience that what a
Brown person faces up.

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Table of Contents

page
Topic and Research Question 3
Introduction 3
Background 4
The purpose of studying 4
Scope / Limitation 5
Methodology 6
Analysis 7
Causes of hate Crime 7
Islamophobia is Making it harder for Muslims 12
Banning Sharia Law 18
Airport Checking and Plane Boarding 19
Sikhs the Misunderstood 20
Islamophobia on the Rise 21
Conclusion 23

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RESEARCH QUESTION- WHY MUSLIM ARE TARGETED AND HARASSED IN
WESTERN SOCIETIES? DO WE HAVE A CURE FOR IT?

INTRODUCTION
Talking about Islamophobia today is a very bigger thing considered something
huge and Islamophobia is considered to be an act of racism in the first world
societies, for example, The United States of America and The European Union.
These are the places where in recent history due to many historic events such as
the event of September 11 attacks where four planes were being hijacked at the
time and among them the two planes were crashed into the World Trade Centre.
This whole scenario left into a wide scale of racism around the Country and The
Muslim population was targeted as a whole. There was various amount of death
threats that were being to given families and to other people.
Then we had various other events such the War in Iraq where many Americans
and same goes for people of Iraq lost their lives in the war which again led to
various chaotic situations where Muslims were targeted by various words such as
“Go back to your country” “You all are bunch of Goat F***kers”. These were not
only happening to Muslims by then but a majority amount of brown men and
women especially from West Asia were also a big victim on this Situation.
Today what we see from the whole context where Muslims are today stopped at
the Airport if they are wearing a Hijab or a Muslim attire because the Majority of
the population judge them on a basis of that they are most likely to be terrorists
and people have the misconception about the fact that they carry a bomb with
them.
Many Places in The USA many families have been a victim of hate crimes such as
the Chapel Shootings where a gun man broke into a house and killed all the family
members and this is not the first case that is really seen. There are several cases
where these kinds of incidents have happened before.
Fear is rising among Muslim people because of wide scale of racism that is
spreading in wide scale and even in various political levels such as presidential
elections where Presidential Candidates put up ban on Muslims.

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BACKGROUND
According to the website https://rac.org/background-hate-crimes it clearly shows
that there is high rise in the hate crimes has dramatically increased over the hears
and especially after 9/11 and there are other several statistics shows that most likely
people who are causing these kinds of acts are mostly white especially considering
it from the gender analysis mostly are men who are involved in such racism.
Religious hate crimes are considered to be unequal treatment to an individual or
group and basically which is based on the people beliefs. Religion based hates
crimes have doubled since 2001-2011 especially in several work places that can be
business or just normal corporate or official works. The scenario over here is pretty
tough because Muslims are considered to be the 2nd largest community or the
religion group that is being mostly discriminated all around the over from the year
of (2006-2010). Muslims are even being harassed physically and mentally by public
and even in some cases by the government that is typically resulting in serious
hate crimes issues. In several aspects the Jews make up less than 1 percentage of
the whole population in the entire planet but yet they are quite being harassed in
several countries where it is mostly like a tit for tat war is going on for example lets
take into this account where Israel and Palestine are fighting over each other so
Muslims in Israel face a very hard time resulting in big hate crimes issues and
where as on the other side Palestine take the same kind of revenge Jews.
On an account we can say these countries that basically have several government
restrictions on religions are most likely to have social hostility. We can say social
hostilities of several religious discrimination includes armed conflicts resulting is
harassment of women over their dress codes and mob violence’s. In similar cases
these even results in extreme terrorism coming up from Radical Islamic groups
resulting in more hate crimes to occur. According to Statistics it clearly shows that
in The US Muslims makes up 2% of the whole US population but in several
perspectives, they indeed make up to 25% of the religious discrimination’s claims.
Which gives a bigger picture about how things are going on there for now.
PURPOSE OF STUDYING
The purpose of studying this more about how Muslims and Brown people have
been victims of this whole situation and what are the methods we can prevent it
from happening. In this area we will learn about how hate crimes have taken away
people from a family leaving the other family members devasted and how
presidential elections have been promoting all these kinds of vast cases of
incidents in a global scale and creating several kinds of sparks among public which

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means motivation racism among public. The facts in which what we see that hate
crimes have taken up in a massive scale and what are the roots of this kind hate
crimes and what psychology lies inside people mind for committing these kinds of
acts. There are several solutions how to prevent such horrific acts from
happening.
SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS
1- The areas which this research topic will be showing is taken is an account
from the Global perspective and it will focus on a much deeper scale on
countries like The United States where there has been enough amount of
racism and hate crimes that has been shown on the news and other areas
and secondly comes European countries that has indeed fallen victims of
Terrorism and came up with laws that prevents women from wearing
hijabs.

2- The data were taken down from various reliable sources that goes deep into
the study where it talks more about the What is causing these kinds of hate
among people. How to prevent these kind of hate crimes. Effects on hate
crimes on people.

3- The most import to choose this topic is about how Brown Skinned people
are misjudged as Muslims and how they are being victims of hate crimes
and how big this problem is getting day by day on the whole scale
perspective

4- The Limitations includes several Mass killings and Shooting incidents.
There has been hate attacks on Mosques and Sikh Temple over the years
and how innocent young people with potential future has lost their lives on
the whole issue.

From the given topic the whole cases talk about the effects and the causes about
the situation that is happening on a larger scale that we are seeing nowadays and
providing valid solutions to prevent this kind of hate crimes to happens. Getting
more into the stereotyping and judgmental behavior at the airport where there is
enough Muslims who are being taken down for special checkups. Governmental
Crimes against Humanity in the whole situation. It is appropriate to study so that
in future the person should know the difference between a Muslim and
Sikh/Hindu or Muslim and a Terrorist.

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METHODLOGY
Since the last semester before I started writing my research proposal I put the
whole study down to steps where my first step was to brainstorm the whole topic
and from natural and events that happened to me previously. This really very true
that there has been widescale range of the crimes that are being going on for a
long time and right now it is on a huge rise so that interested me more in taking
up the topic. There have been several horrific incidents that occurred in the
timeline and That straightaway gave the idea of taking this topic “Hate Crimes
related to Islamophobia”
Looking into more details I had the supportive idea of taking 10 outstanding
sources from the internet. The sources contributed a lot in bringing a lot of
scientific and statistical data with other data that supported Ethos, Pathos and
Logos. Then all data that was being gathered was put into several sections. This
can give the broader context and information on how Muslim people are being
harassed and what is happening to The Muslims who are living overseas.
The previous research proposal which basically focused on Hate Crimes that are
based on Judgmental and Muslim hate so basically now this time, I am trying to
crystal clear image so that is why in my topic “Hate Crimes on Islamophobia”. I
started taking information from several sources on the internet and social
channels like YouTube which helped me to the analysis of the writing report. The
whole initiative started by looking into countries that have the highest amount
hate crimes ratios and the information’s was being searched from more than 10
websites that indeed carried variety of information which could cover the whole
topic concern as much as it was possible that would really like to work with the
implementation of the whole analysis thing. The main Scopes were Crimes related
to hates on Muslims, Shooting and how it affects the whole society as whole. It
talks more about what kind of trauma a person goes through when the person is a
victim of such hate crimes. I found websites from The US Governmental and
Public and other Global areas that were accurate enough to show the statistics
about the rising amount of hate crimes in several countries. The whole process was
divided into these steps 1- Moderate Hate Crimes (3 Websites) Shootings and
Killings (2 Websites) Being a Brown inside the US (1 Website) this covered the
whole content there were several areas where surveys were being conducted that is
quite considered to be a reliable source. Then all the data was analyzed into facts
and then they I had enough information on me to make a whole summary report
on this case.

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ANALYSIS
1. Causes of Hate Crimes
1.1 Historic Events

Example
Figure 1: September 11 attacks
This is the worst-case incident that happened on the American soil and to
humanity where 4 planes were being hijacked that day which is September 11, 2001
and two of the planes were crash into the world trade center resulting in several
loss of lives. According to this source
https://www.nationalgeographic.org/thisday/sep11/911/ it is reported that more
than 3000 people have died on this incident and after math of such event was even
more catastrophic because do the organization responsible for these attacks
known as Al Qaeda has been using Allah the Muslim god to promote this incident
resulted in a big misunderstanding. Half of the people were thinking that Muslim
are the enemy of The States and this resulted in series of racist attacks on Muslims

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in the US. Many Non-Muslims such as the Sikhs were even a big part of this
scenario and it resulted in many losses of lives directly and Indirectly.

Governmental Crimes

Figure 2- Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp
Guantanamo Bay is a detention camp where many Muslims were taken as result of
Suspect or accused of being involved in activities of Terrorism. According to the
Source https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2017/07/13/former-guantanamo-
prisoner-no-suffering-justifies-terrorism-mustafa-ait-idir-column/468862001/ .
The man clearly claims that he has suffered a lot in the detention camp. “My oldest
son first learned I was in Guantanamo when his classmates, having read an article
about me online, mocked him about my plight. Another of my sons, born a few
months after I was interned, first met me on the telephone. I missed the first six
years of his life. As much as anyone, I have earned a right to rage against an
American government that acted out of fear and prejudice” This message is very
strong because it mostly reflects to suffering that he has been through and he
describes how the American society is changing over time and how Guantanamo
bay remains a horror story in many people lives. The things that The US
government did was the accused wasn’t given a chance to have a proper federal
legislative type judgement where it basically requires many court orders and
lawyers but they were taken to the detention camp and they were being
unethically interrogated

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TERRORISM IN PARIS 2015

Figure 3- After math of 2015 terrorism attack in Paris

France has been targeted the most for a lot of terrorism attacks and the most
shocking was the attacks that happened in the year of 2015. The death troll was
about 130 which is really quite shocking and this was the worst case of terrorism
that France have experienced. After this incident there was a bigger scale of
Islamophobic views that had to come on the rise. There were several bans that
came up on Muslims including the fact where Muslims were not allowed to take
photos with a Hijab or Burkha. There is a still strong sense of hate and judgmental
views on Muslims in Paris that can be felt today in Paris.
This is happening because of the two coincident that are taking place in the world
which is Muslim immigration and Terrorism that creates a huge impact on the
society and the cultural areas so people are being misunderstood.

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1.2 How Muslims are harassed and how are they effected

Figure 4- Aftermath of Chapel Street Shooting and tragedy to Barakhat Family
In a lot of cases we can see that young boys in schools and colleges are being
harassed because of the media implication towards the Muslim society and the war
that the achieved in the foreign soil and most recently the bombing incidents. So,
if you are brown and you are walking down the street in The US there is a high
possibility that the person is going to get bullied. The Slogans that will be basically
used will be like “Go back to your country” “Osama is Dead” and the most drastic
of all measure is getting recognized as a “Terrorist”. There have been many families
who are a victim of such hate crimes in the considered modern Society where
people are being daily assaulted because of the attire of what they are wearing and
how they look. Many Muslim families has lost their dear or beloved ones in this
process in the most recent cases we heard about the Chapel shooting in New
Carolina which is in the US. Where there was lovely adorable Muslim Family that
was shot to death by a Gun Man leaving the whole neighborhood shocked. They
were constantly shot multiple time and they were not given a chance to speak. It
was sad to see that the whole young Married couple who had many things to
achieve for a lifetime.

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Figure 5 “A 17-year-old Muslim girl identified as Nabra was kidnapped and beaten to
death early Sunday morning in Sterling”

There was one more story that goes where a girl from El Salvador was about to
finish her prayers in the mosque and while she left the mosque she was brutally
beaten by a man of Mexican Origin several time until and unless she took her last
breath on this case. The most terrifying incident was she was just seventeen years
old and who was enjoying the American dreams had to come to such sequences
that resulted in her death. The man was arrested and he confessed that “She was
staying illegally in The US” https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-
4616570/Muslim-girl-beaten-death-bat-dumped-pond.html
Lets all of us presume for a minute that we have a very talented and an adorable
Muslim friend who always smile and being loved by everyone but one fine day we
see this that person is beaten down to death by aa psychopath who has
islamophobia. We know how it will affect the whole social lives and culture of that
person friends and families.

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2. Islamophobia is making it difficult for Muslims to Live in
Western Societies

Figure 6- Hate Slogans spray painted on the building of Islamic Centre
Many Muslim are afraid to enter The US by now because as the new and media is
projecting a lot about several presidential election where leaders promote to ban
several Muslims out of the country.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=357;v=6qkXjJGy5-Q from this
source below which clearly explains about how a Muslim society in The US in the
state of Michigan explains about their thought on their lifestyle being a Muslim.
The speakers clearly indicate that being a Muslim is indeed hard when the person
is living Inside The US. One of the speakers spoke about that if there is terrorist
attack inside The US then please let it not be a Muslim because the person thinks
the whole Media and the people will judge it on the whole county basis perspective
or in Religion basis perspective. He clearly said this If a white or people of other
races conduct this kind of act then the blames falls on the person individually but
when Muslims commit these kinds of act then there is considerably a large amount
of blaming is put onto the Muslims even to the people who are not related with
such incident.
When a Muslim is considered to be praying the people surrounding that person
thinks that the person is extremely extreme on this situation and this bring several
misunderstandings among people that this person might be a Muslim Terrorist.

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2.1 ARABIC LANUGAUGE AND ARABIC COMMUNITY

FIGURE 7- A picture of an Arabic Society in a Western Country
This is seen in various western countries where Arabic people and their people live
in societies where they set up their mosques and shops and the language which
they use is officially English and Arabic. In the beginning of the 21st Century or we
there has been enough events that quite mis leaded the whole western community
such as going in war with Iraq and others. So, on this scenario the media has even
projected several kinds of stories where a suicide bomber chants “Allah Akbar”
which basically means God is great and meanwhile he blows himself up in the
process. This is the first strike that comes into people attention about the bombing
situation so when people see Arabic or a person who is communicating in Arabic is
mostly considered to be that the people of that type is really violent and extreme
and aggressive.
This is a bigger issue when today we see mostly people who pray in public people
have the sense of fear that is coming upon them on this case and this is very much
resulting in problematic situation for public including the Muslim who is being
targeted on this case. There are several cases where parents of young kids
encourage their kids not get too closer to Muslim people. This is the mindset that
lies in people mentality in The US and as well as too other part of this globe, where
the whole Muslim population is thought to be as a group of people that is
considered to bring problem and violence with chaos to the society.

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2.2 Rising Muslim population is Indication of Resistance coming from the
major dominant Cultures

Figure 8- The Infographics clearly shows the rising Muslim population in The UK
There has been several Radical
Oppressive forces that are resulting is
several Racist Slogans where they
clearly indicates that the whole country
belongs to them but whereas the
Muslims has no right to stay because
when they come they bring severe
extremism with them. Many people
indeed fears about this whole case
scenario that one day that their whole
country will turn into a dominant
Muslim populated country. This is
resulting in a wide scale violence that
can been seen on the Media.

Figure 9- Demographics of 2050 in Europe

PAGE 15
2.3 Muslims in The US having a Good life

Figure 10- A Refugee from Syrian Civil War Obtained American Citizenship
According to New York Time https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/20/opinion/from-
aleppo-to-la.html. The Story goes like this when a Family of Syrian Refugee made
it safe to The United States without illegally crossing the rivers or the water and
when the American Officials gave them The Citizenship to Live Inside the US. The
Girl is quite happy staying inside The US and she describes that she meets a lot of
people of people and friends from other different nationalities such as a person
Philippines and other from Korea. She is happy that she is The US and she even
talks about the war that broke in her country left many families displaced while
there was too much chaos inside the country. She was really suffering a lot in
Aleppo which is considered to be the capital of Syria. She has a lot of support from
her family and friends nearby mean while she is indeed following serious measures
of Muslim laws and thus she said it is hard to be a Muslim in The US but with
support and all kind of privileges that she is getting from the people around the
supporting families she feels that it is not that hard for her to live here because she
has received enough community support and thus her mother is very much of
help because she is doing the best she can to motivate her daughter and she is very
happy that she is not facing anymore cultural shock in The US.
It may seem bad that many Muslims are victims of hate crimes but their people
who are coming from several places from the world where it is much worse than
the US. They come because they want to seek a better life for themselves.

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2.4 Anti-Muslim Day 3rd of April 2018

Figure 11- The Anti-Muslim Games and Reward system for hurting a Muslims
This is story that happened in The UK according to The Daily Show by Trevor
Noah https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ygxKarwg42o He made this humorous
but the sad story lies inside the whole context where he invites a British Muslim
guy who is East Asian by Origin talks about how this ridiculous and what kind of
impacts it has it on people. From the Graphics that we see above where it clearly
says 10 points to verbally abuse a Muslim which is quite shocking and this is clearly
an indication on which we can see this is seriously motivated by hate on this whole
scenario. 250 point for torturing a Muslims using electrocution ad 100 point for
beating up a Muslim. The whole community can clearly guess from this incident
about what is going to happen so social security in a community can be breached
very easily and which will indeed leave to series of hate crimes spreading across
the city.
There has been more situation where this case has been analyzed where the hate
issue has been originated from London which is England but by then the whole
Muslim population was seriously scared and had no hope rather than trusting the
British Government that quite did a lot of things by then. Islamophobia is on the
rise and hate can be felt everywhere and people are seriously afraid of this incident
and even incidents like this can be spread in several areas of this world. This is a
bigger concern that we can see and it is heavily increasing over the time to time

PAGE 17

2.5 BANNING OF PRAYERS (MUSLIM PRAYING) IN PUBLIC

Figure 12- Muslim Public Praying

https://www.gatestoneinstitute.org/2666/germany-muslim-school-prayers

The Majority of the world thinks that Muslims are extremist so when it
comes to an outsider especially from the western society we see that the
first impression that the Western people get towards Muslims is a picture of
Terrorist. Recently many European countries have been banning from
Muslims praying on the streets or in public because it said that the Muslims
who are praying looks like they are trying to implement their culture into
the European Land. People concluded to completely abolish the Muslim
people praying down in Public and the countries that comes in the first
place to do so is France and this process have been supported by various
governmental organization who even don’t want the Muslims to stay in
France by calling them “illegal immigrants”

The Second country who did so is Germany, Germany has serious cultural
crisis with Turkish Muslims and right now after the whole Syrian refugee
case. The country shows deep and negative impressions on The Muslims
nowadays and they have indeed banned Muslims from praying outside and
this whole process has been supported by various governmental
organizations who even strictly wants the Muslims to be out of Germany.
Recently we have seen from the story how a German footballer of Turkish

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Origin has been targeted in this case who has been repeatedly called to be
an Immigrant because his roots lie with Turkish origin. Just because the
footballer is Muslim so people has indeed a misconception about this whole
case. The footballer indeed said “I am German when we win, but I am an
immigrant when we lose”.

3.Banning Sharia Law

Figure 13- Picture Showing Banning Sharia Law

There are several countries that have serious rules of not allowing Muslim people
to establish laws such as Sharia Law which is considered to be extreme in many
cases. The Majority of the Muslim population supports Shariya Law to be a part of
the culture of the country where they are staying. The majority of the population
has never supported the Sharia law. In mostly several Muslims countries all around
the world for example if we are considering Saudi Arabia then we can usually see
that they have adapted Shariya law. The negative impacts lie on the theory where
extremist militant groups want to establish this kind of harsh law where they will
get the full privilege to stone a woman at this point. According to Several Muslims
Shariya Law means “Path to the Watering Hole”. The regional Muslim people have
always claimed to this day that they need to adapt Shariya law because it is better
than any other governmental laws in country which indeed thus lies to cultural
conflicts among various major ethnic groups leaving the whole situation into a big
violation and then by after sometime we can see that there is blame game that is
supposed to happen again where the two communities keep on crashing with each
other. Many European Nations have come to a vital conclusion of banning Shariya

PAGE 19
law because the implementation of public execution has been a thing considering
modern humanitarian model. If I want to put my personal opinion on Shariya Law
as a person who is living in The US will be obviously no because the governing
body in The US is Supreme Court to decide laws and order of the country. That is
how in many cases the whole things are looked on. The main and the biggest court
implements all these kinds of laws and order.
4.AIRPORT CHECKING AND PLANE BOARDING

Figure 14-A Muslim man is taken for search in the Airport


4e4a6265610d/
Since the attack on 9/11 and other various attacks happened on this world which
resulted in extreme terrorism and even hijacking resulted in a phobia of Muslims
who are there in the airport. In many cases there are various Muslims who are
being taken down for special checking separately because it is considered that the
person is brown and, in most cases, it is likely that he or she carries a bomb. This
thing is largely seen in The United States where TSA agents stops a brown guy or a
girl on the Airport and clearly says “Sir would you mind coming with me for some
time”. This kind of incident has happened when my dad was a victim of it when he
was travelling to The US for his vacation.
In other several cases there are incidents where Muslims were thrown out planes
because of the Turbans and Muslims looks and this basically happened to other
Non-Muslims as well. The Phobia has taken up to the next level where we can see
that people are surely falling a victim of racism on this case and this is going on a
very big number. Muslim from all over the world especially from the middle east
zone has been targeted. There have been various incidents where it has been

PAGE 20
proved in several other countries that Muslims are stopped at the airport for
various reasons.
5.SIKHS THE MISUNDERSTOODS

Figure 15- Former British Prime minister and Sikh Leaders
There has always been a misconception that is completely related to Sikhs in many
foreign or alien society they are being recognized as Muslims because of the lack of
education that the country is failing to educate people regarding major religions.
Sikhs are considered to be 5th largest religion on the planet. They are known for
their community works and their services towards humanity and their dedication
of “Langar” which basically means “food for everyone” Sikhs really don’t care about
what religion that the people are coming from but they are most welcome to have
free meals at any place in their temple which is officially known as Gurudwara.
That serves free meals to everyone 24 hours 365 days.
In the UK there has been several identity crises that has come up for Sikhs where
the population over there thinks that Sikhs are Muslims as well and they have
been victims of hate crimes in The US and The UK and several other areas of this
world. Sikhs have indeed committed a lot to The UK Government and to her
Majesty because during the colonial area Sikhs were recognized as the warrior race
by The British Officials and that why today we do get so see a lot British Sikhs in
the UK. There has been several attacks on the Sikhs on recent history and this
continues to go on for today as well because people are quite afraid of Turbans and
beard because it is easy for the Whole world to judge the whole community as
Muslims because they match the similar description of a Muslim and fit into the
whole Stereotype.

PAGE 21

6.ISLAMOPHOBIA ON THE RISE
Figure 15- FBI record of hate crimes 2001 Incident remains the highest
According to FBI records and the graphics which is present above clearly shows
how the hate crimes has been over a certain time lapse the highest recorded
incident for the biggest time is 2001 because it is very much linked with the
September Attacks on the World Trade Centre.
The recent amount of hate crimes that has increased was in the year of 2016 which
was the year of Presidential Candidate Election. President Trump has been trying
to keep the Muslims out of states and his implications of this Presidential Election
where he clearly said that he is going to ban all Muslims from country and he even
said sentences like “Islam hates the US” and he came up to bigger picture when he
indeed put the ban on Muslims and after that the Public in The US has sparked up
once again with the eruption of violence that emerged with this whole thing and
the whole world seemed to be up against Islam.
According to http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2016/11/21/anti-muslim-
assaults-reach-911-era-levels-fbi-data-show/
“Overall, the FBI reported 257 incidents of anti-Muslim hate crimes in 2015, a 67% increase
from the previous year. These incidents included 301 individual crimes, 71% of which were
crimes against people, as opposed to property. (Incidents can encompass more than one
crime.) By contrast, crimes perpetrated against other religious groups more often involved
property offenses, such as vandalism or theft. For example, 64% of anti-Jewish and 51% of
anti-Catholic offenses in 2015 involved vandalism, compared with just 23% of anti-Muslim
offenses.”

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This clearly indicates that there is a high rise in the Muslim hate crimes in The US
and it has been increasing over the last times and it is predicted that will increase a
lot in the coming years and thus will be again very much fearful for the Muslim
population as a whole.

6.1 Expert Views on Islamophobia
“The horrific terrorism in San Bernardino has revived fears of extremist jihadists
operating on American soil. But the American public has been dealing with the
issue of terrorism in the name of Islam since 9/11. If we weren’t in the middle of a
polarized political season with an unprecedented number of GOP candidates
competing to get attention, the discourse—and American public perceptions of
Islam and Muslims—would not look all that different from the past few years”
Americans Most Likely to differentiate or create difference between Muslim people
and Muslim religion. There is very big different view on Islam as compared to
Muslims. Due various series of event that have leaded to this whole conclusion.

7. THE CURE
The Sources from Trinity University https://new.trinity.edu/news/trinity-present-panel-
islamophobia “In an effort to foster understanding of Muslim culture, Trinity University
will host a Panel on Islamophobia from 6 to 8 p.m. Wednesday, April 19 in the Fiesta
Room on the University campus. It is free and open to the public.
Four speakers, including Trinity professors and community experts on Islam, will share
information. The event is sponsored by Trinity’s Department of Philosophy and is co-
sponsored by the Parker Chapel and Departments of Religion, Sociology and
Anthropology, English, and Communication.
Judith Norman, philosophy professor at Trinity, said the panel will bring together four
experts to discuss Islamophobia and the political context in which it arises and spreads”
So, the University is trying to bring self-awareness panels which can indeed encourage the
people about what are differences between the Sikh Religion and Muslims which will
basically never create a confusion rather than proper understanding the whole process of
how things work in religions.

PAGE 23
According to another suitable website
http://bridge.georgetown.edu/islamophobia-the-right-word-for-a-real-problem/ ”
An important part of the movements to fight anti-Semitism, racism, and
homophobia in this country was the development of terminologies to identify
these biases. The stigmatization of Jews, African-Americans, and the LGBTQ
community existed long before we had words to describe it, but the formulation of
these words — anti-Semitism, racism, and homophobia — and their usage by
prominent figures, was a critical step in communicating to the public the serious
prejudice and discrimination these groups faced”
This basically means believing in the whole community circle and trying to god in
the neighborhood. Staying clam in these kinds of situations have been considered
to be beneficial as long as education is being implemented on people then only
this can be very much beneficial for the whole society.
CONCLUSION
This is the summary of the whole analysis writing report, I am still a victim of a
stereotyping so I did choose this topic of analyzing the whole thing that will give a
bigger picture about the whole world and what is happening to the Muslim all
around the world. All the information which are being taken can be an evidence of
Trustworthiness covering various and several areas of Islamophobic hate crimes
started from the Origin story to it’s cause and effects and how lives being affected
to Muslim families those are victims of hate crime. There are many interesting
factors that are very much linked directly and indirectly with each other but it will
a picture that we can visualize about what Muslims are facing this day even when
they are living in The US.

PAGE 24

LIST OF ILLUSTRATION

The Destruction of the world trade Centre
https://www.pinterest.com/pin/230598443395886244/
Pictures+From+September+11+2001 | September 11 World Trade Center

http://commonsensewonder.blogspot.com/2018/01/if-ever-there-was-case-for-off-
with.html Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp (January 13,2018) 1.40pm

PAGE 25

Paris After a Terrorist Attack in 2015
http://www.amnesty.eu/en/news/press-releases/eu/human-rights-in-the-
eu/human-rights-and-counter-terrorism/france-emergency-measures-must-
protect-public-without-trampling-human-rights-0945/#.W8MqWmgza00
Thursday 19th November 2015

https://globalnews.ca/news/1825330/outrage-over-north-carolina-shootings-
sparks-muslimlivesmatter-campaign/ February 12 2015

PAGE 26

http://www.usafirstinformation.com/muslim-refuses-remove-hijab-airport-gets-
harsh-slap-reality/ April 17th 2017 A Muslim refuses to remove Hijab .

https://www.newsweek.com/britains-empire-was-not-benevolent-459704 13th 05,
2016 The Former British Prime Minister visiting The Sikh Temple
https://beyondthecusp.wordpress.com/2017/09/16/the-great-american-nakba/ The
Statistics of Rising Hate Crimes in The US September 16th 2017

PAGE 27
BIBLIOGRAPHY
1. https://www.nationalgeographic.org/thisday/sep11/911/
National Geographic Editor Caryl-Sue, National Geographic Society
Last Updated- DEC 16 2013
2. https://rac.org/background-hate-crimes
Religious Action Centre [email protected]

3. https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2017/07/13/former-guantanamo-
prisoner-no-suffering-justifies-terrorism-mustafa-ait-idir-
column/468862001/ .

USA TODAY, Written by Mustafa Ait Idir, Published July 13th 2017
4. https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4616570/Muslim-girl-beaten-
death-bat-dumped-pond.html

Daily Mail UK BY Valerie Edwards Published 19th June 2017

5. https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=357&v=6qkXjJGy5-Q
Nieuwsuur News Published on September 12th 2016
6. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Or68ISGdLQM
Huffington Post Published on April 5,2016

7. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/20/opinion/from-aleppo-to-la.html.
New York Times, Aleppo to LA Published by Julia Meltzer on 20 June 2017

8. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ygxKarwg42o

Daily Show by Trevor Noah, Stand Up Comedian Broadcasted on March
29,2018

PAGE 28

9. https://www.gatestoneinstitute.org/2666/germany-muslim-school-prayers

Gate Stone Institute Published by Soeren Kern on December 15th 2011

10. https://thinkprogress.org/anti-muslim-profiling-at-airports-goes-beyond-
the-tsa-4e4a6265610d
Think Progress, Published by Jack Jenkins on January 20,2016 about Airport
Security

11. http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2016/11/21/anti-muslim-assaults-
reach-911-era-levels-fbi-data-show/
Pew Research Centre by Katayoun Kisi on Anti Muslim Assaults

12. https://new.trinity.edu/news/trinity-present-panel-islamophobia
Trinity University Services to Community planning and encouragements
Published by Suzie P. Gonzales on Aprill 11 2017

13. http://bridge.georgetown.edu/islamophobia-the-right-word-for-a-real-
problem/
Written by Bridge initiative Team on 8th September 2016

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